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The legend says that Bucharest was founded by a shepherd named Bucur. According to another more likely variant, Bucharest was founded by Mircea the Elder at the end of the 14th century.
The settlement is documented on September 21, 1459, in an act issued by Vlad Tepes, the prince of the Romanian Country, which strengthens a landowner's estate. The city of Dambovita, as it appeared in the early years of the city, was strategically supposed to supervise the road that ran from Targsor to Giurgiu, the last settlement being an Ottoman garrison. Shortly afterward, Bucharest declared itself, being elected on October 14, 1465 by Radu cel Bun as the reigning prince. In the years 1558-1559, the Princely Church, built by Mr. Mircea Ciobanul, was built at the Old Court, this time remaining the oldest worship place in the city preserved in its original form.

In 1659, under the reign of Gheorghe Ghica, Bucharest became the capital of Wallachia, in Turkish order, to have a capital in the plain area and close to the Danube, easier to control compared to Targoviste. From that moment on, it is going to modernize it. The first highway paved roads appear (1661), the first higher education institution, the Royal Academy (1694), and the Mogosoaia Palace (Constantin Brancoveanu, 1702), edifice in which today is the Brancusi Art Feudal Art Museum. In 1704, at the initiative of Michael Cantacuzino's back, Coltea Hospital, he was later damaged in a fire and an earthquake and rebuilt in 1888.

The traditional Romanian culture continues to have a major influence on the arts, such as theater, film and music. Bucharest has two internationally famous ethnographic museums: the Romanian Peasant Museum and the Village Museum, one of the largest open-air museums in the country.

The National Museum of Village "Dimitrie Gusti", located in Herastrau Park, covers an area of 14 ha and contains over 380 traditional architectural monuments from all over the country. The Village Museum is also the most visited cultural object in Romania.

The Museum of the Romanian Peasant was declared in 1996 as the European Museum of the Year. Patroned by the Ministry of Culture, the museum preserves and exhibits numerous collections of objects and monuments of material and spiritual culture. The museum owns one of the richest collections of peasant objects in Romania, with a heritage valued at over 90,000 pieces organized in several collections: ceramics, port, textiles, wooden objects, religious, customs, etc.

The National History Museum of Romania is another important museum in Bucharest, which contains a collection of artifacts detailing the history and the Romanian culture from prehistory to the modern era.

https://ro.wikipedia.org

Additional Info

  • Country: Romania
  • Region: Muntenia

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27 October 2020