Constanta is an effervescent city that combines millennial history with modernism. Constanta receives its guests with open arms, with much charm and surprising places. Constanta is one of the oldest certified cities in Romania. The first documentary attestation dates from 657 BC. when a Greek colony called Tomis was formed on the site of the current peninsula (and even under the waters today, right next to the Casino). The locality was conquered by the Romans in 71 BC. and renamed Constantiana after Emperor Constantine the Great's sister. During the 13th century, the Great Sea (as it was then called the Black Sea) was dominated by the Italian merchants in Genoa who helped develop the city. Later, Constanta underwent a decline under Ottoman rule, becoming a simple village inhabited by Greek fishermen and horsemen of horses and sheep. The town became a town after the construction of the Cernavoda-Constanta railway and the port, in 1865, for the export of Romanian grains. After the Independence War (1877-1878), when Dobrogea became part of the Kingdom of Romania, Constanta, the main port of the state, grew continuously, holding this role until today.
Constanta Casino is one of the most representative symbols of the city, built in 1909 and inaugurated in August 1910. It is on the cliff in Constanta, on Regina Elisabeta Boulevard. Besides the official history of the Casino there is also a legend which few know. It is said that the building was built by a navigator who had a girl. The young woman died at a very young age when she was 17 years old. his father lifted the Casino, so that young people in the city had moments that his daughter had been deprived of. It is also said that if you look at the Upper Casino, it would have the shape of a dick and the windows would suggest the image of some graves. Moreover, if you look closely at the entrance door, you will see two heads of ram, an ornament that could be found on the old jacks. The legend also says that during the summer, losers were thrown into the waves of the Black Sea, which is the explanation for the storms that occurred in the autumn and winter in the cliff area. Their restless souls still stir up today the sea, the foamy and the salt, which washed the walls of the casino, once symbolic, today, the ruin of Constanta.
House with lions
The Lion House, made in the style of the Italian Neo-Renaissance and with neoclassical elements, was built by the Armenian from Constanta, Emirzian Dicran for his family. At one point, Dicran Emirzian decided to rent the home of Lazar Munteanu, an art magician who was part of the famous Kalinderu family and who was a friend of many important Romanian painters.
The seafront building was built according to the plans of the Romanian architect Ion Berindei between 1895 and 1898, proof being the unifying element: the lonely presence of the lions. The name of the building comes from the existence of the four lions sculpted on the supporting columns of the building.
The house with lions became, after World War I, for a short time the bank headquarters (in 1921), and Bebi Emirzian, the son of Dicran, lived in the house until 1941, when he moved to Bucharest. The building then had more tenants, and in 1950 it was nationalized.
The Carol I Mosque
MOSCHEEA CAROL I, located in Ovidiu Square, is the main building of Muslim worship in the country and also one of the most beautiful architectural monuments in our country.
The construction was started in 1910, at the initiative of King Carol I, as a tribute to the Muslim community in Constanta. The works ended in 1913. The inauguration took place on 31 May 1913 in the presence of the royal family and the representatives of the Muslim cult in Romania. Initially called the Carol I Mosque, it was later renamed the Mahmud II Mosque.
However, at present, Muslim believers call it "Kral camisi" or "King of the King".
Orthodox Cathedral "Sf. Peter and Paul "
It is the first Romanian church built in the city of Constanta after the annexation of Dobrogea to Romania. It was designed by arch. Alexandru Orascu and arch. Carol Benisch, in Byzantine style, according to the model of the "Domnita Balasa" church in Bucharest.
The Catholic Church "St. Anton of Padova "
It was built between 1935 and 1937 by Arch. Romano de Simon in Bucharest, where it used to be a chapel dating back to 1885.
The current edifice is a basilica, built according to the model of the northern Italy, made in an apparent brick, dating back to the 13th century. The interior of the church is also of apparent brick, which does not require or destabilize the church.