Cristian Necula

For over 500 years Corfe was one of the most important royal castles in England, a symbol of mighty power.

Corfe Castle is a fortification standing above the village of the same name on the Isle of Purbeck in the English county of Dorset. Built by William the Conqueror, the castle dates to the 11th century and commands a gap in the Purbeck Hills on the route between Wareham and Swanage.

In 1572, Corfe Castle left the Crown's control when Elizabeth I sold it to Sir Christopher Hatton. Sir John Bankes bought the castle in 1635, and was the owner during the English Civil War. His wife, Lady Mary Bankes, led the defence of the castle when it was twice besieged by Parliamentarian forces. The first siege, in 1643, was unsuccessful, but by 1645 Corfe was one of the last remaining royalist strongholds in southern England and fell to a siege ending in an assault. In March that year Corfe Castle was slighted on Parliament's orders.

It may have been a defensive site even in Roman times and Corfe Castle certainly has had a colourful history. The first castle buildings would have been built of wood. In 979 King Edward was reputedly murdered by his step-mother so that her own son Ethelred the Unready could become King of England. In the latter half of the 11th Century the Castle was rebuilt in stone by William the Conqueror and for the next six hundred years was a royal fortress used by the monarchs of England and latterly their constables.

By 1572 warfare had changed and Corfe Castle was sold by Queen Elizabeth I to Sir Christopher Hatton, her dancing master and favourite. In 1635 the Castle was bought by Sir John Bankes, who was Lord Chief Justice, as an occasional private residence.

As trouble brewed for Charles I, the Bankes family took up permanent residence. By 1643 most of Dorset was occupied by the Parliamentarians, and Lady Bankes and her supporters successfully withstood a six week long siege. Sir John Bankes died in 1644 and the family endured a series of half-hearted blockades by Parliamentary forces. Late in 1645 Colonel Bingham Governor of Poole started a second siege, and treachery by one of the garrison allowed a Parliamentary force into the castle in February 1646. The Roundheads allowed the family to leave the Castle and then it was systematically destroyed by Parliamentary sappers.

Corfe Castle Opening Times

January – March: 10am to 4pm

April – September: 10am to 6pm

October: 10am – 5pm

November – December: 10am to 4pm

Address: The Square, Corfe Castle, Dorset, BH20 5EZ

A charming English village in the heart of the Cotswolds.

The village of Bourton-on-the-Water is known for its picturesque High Street, flanked by long wide greens and the River Windrush that runs through them. The river is crossed by five low, arched stone bridges. They were built between 1654 and 1953, leading to the moniker of "Venice of the Cotswolds".

The village often has more visitors than residents during peak times of the tourist season. Some 300,000 visitors arrive each year as compared to under 3,500 permanent residents.

Recommended hotels in the area

Bourton has a number of tourist attractions:

  • The model village is a 1:9 replica of the village and includes a model of the model village itself (a model within a model). It was built by local craftsmen in the 1930s, and opened in 1937.
  • The model railway
  • The Cotswold Motoring Museum
  • Birdland Park and Gardens, which has a collection of birds, from penguins through parrots to passerine (perching) birds and a large pond full of salmon which can be fed by the public. There are bird-of-prey displays and a penguin feeding demonstration
  • The Dragonfly Maze, designed by Kit Williams
  • On the fourth Sunday of each month, there is a farmers' market

Vlad Tepes wanted to fire Brasov

The woman which Vlad Tepes loved for 20 years was Katarina, his mistress. According to the chroniclers, the two met in 1455, when the ruler, passing through Brasov, helped a group of girls to push a heavy sled. Then, the 34-year-old Tepes set eyes on a 17-year-old blonde girl which grew up in a monastery. The two began a forbidden relationship.

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Vlad Tepes

Katarina was an extremely beautiful maid, who had been the mistress of Vlad Tepes for 20 years. He really wanted to divorce for her, but the Pope did not allow this because in those days the breaking of a marriage was unthinkable. He even wrote twice to the Sovereign Pontiff, Pope Pius II, asking him for a letter of indulgence to annul his marriage to his first wife, Anastasia Holszanska, niece of the Queen of Poland, but he was not allowed.

The merchants from the fortress of Brasov were disturbed by the relationship. It is said that at one point the merchant wives attacked the house where the girl was, beat her and cut her hair. Then, Katarina was taken to the the Pillow of Infamy from Council Square. When he heard of the horror, Vlad Tepes threatened to fire Brasov. After all, the girl was released by negotiation.

Oasis of green in the middle of the city

IOR Park today Alexandru Ioan Cuza Park is located in the central-eastern part of Bucharest, in the 3rd district, within the limits of the streets Camil Ressu, Liviu Rebreanu, Campia Libertatii, C-tin Brancusi, Baba Novac and Nicolae Grigorescu.

With an area of approximately 85 ha, it is one of the largest parks in Bucharest. The park's development began in 1965 and ended five years later.

In the park there is Lake Titan, a natural lake separated by the Liviu Rebreanu bridge in two segments called Titan 1 Lake and Titan 2 Lake. On the lake there are five islands, called "Retirees Island", "Island of Arts", "Island of the Dogs "," Fisherman Island "and" Island of Ducks ".

In the past, the highest hill in Alexandru Ioan Cuza Park was, in fact, an island. The places where people can walk on the lawn today were decades-long, covered with water.



Vama Veche – White Nights

The settlement was founded in 1811 by Gagauz, whose language is Yilanlik: serparia. The following year, as a result of the population exchange between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire when Bessarabia was annexed by the first, the Gagauz were moved to Bugeac, instead of the Bessarabian Tatars who joined the fishermen, the gardeners and the local hunters , The Pontic Greeks, the Russians (who also fled from the Russian empire), Romani Dobrogenians, or Bulgars and Mogans, who had huts and huts in the area. After Dobrogea was annexed in 1878, the Kingdom of Romania retained the Turkish name until 1913, the town being officially named Ilanlac. With the annexation of the Cadrilater (1913-1940), the customs was moved further south to Ecrina (Turkish Ekrene, Bulgarian Kranevo), and Ilanlac was renamed Vama Veche, a name that remained after the return of Cadrilater to Bulgaria.

It is the place where one can spend holidays in the middle of nature, in a special atmosphere of freedom.

A typical day in Vama features partying till sunrise, then going to your tent for a quick nap and later returning to the beach for the morning session, eating a fresh fish dish at one of the many terraces for lunch and then returning to the beach to doze off under an umbrella until late afternoon.

The beach of Vama Veche is wide, with some 200 meters above sea level. Intimate and wild, the beach is populated and the night of young people gathering around campfire.

Sinaia - the place of dream holidays

The area of the wooded area on the Prahova Valley where Sinaia is today was uninhabited in the 17th century, the first inhabitants settling in the virgin forest here at the foot of the Bucegi Mountains, being the monks of the Sinaia monastery, founded between 1690 - 1695 by the great backpacker Mihai Cantacuzino, as well as some scouts who were in charge of guarding the monastery and cultivating its mosques. The city took the name of the monastery, and the monastery was named after the back trip to Saint Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai Peninsula.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the entire Prahova Valley was organized as a single commune, called the Black Bridge, covering the entire valley, from Predeal to Posada. In 1864 Posada and Negru Bridge were annexed to the commune of Comarnic.

On August 5, 1866 Prince Carol I of Romania reached the Sinaia Monastery, situated at that time in the Podul Neagului commune. He was involved in the organization of the region and, in 1874, the cattle that remained outside Comarnic were named Sinaia, a commune residing at Busteni. A report dated December 1, 1874, confirms that the residence of the Podul Neagului was moved to Sinaia, which received its name in that year (from that of the Sinaia Monastery, whose name comes from the Mountain Sinai).

In the city of Sinaia there are eleven historical monuments of national interest architecture: Sinaia Casino (1912-1913); Hotel Caraiman (1911); Alina Stirbei Villa (1875, now Financial District of Sinaia); villa Emil Costinescu (1892, with extensions between 1918-1939); the ensemble of the Sinaia railway station, consisting of the royal station (1870) and the train station (1930-1940); the house of historian Nicolae Iorga (1918); Hotel "Furnica" (end of the 19th century); Hotel "Palace" (1911-1912); Villa Take Ionescu (early twentieth century); the house of composer George Enescu (1923-1926); Sinaia monastery (1690-1695), ensemble made up of the "Assumption of the Virgin Mary" church, chapel, abbey, cells and wall of the old enclosure; Last but not least, the Peles castle complex (1873-1883), made up of the castle itself, the Pelisor castle, the Foisor castle, the Economat villa, the electric mill (the former mill of the Sinaia monastery), the Ceramic House, the Knights' Villa, Casa Veche, Casa Noua Villa, villas A, B and C, and the park. Also of national interest are the public monument represented by the bust of the actor Ion Iancu Brezieanu (1935) located in the central park "Dimitrie Ghica", as well as the memorial or funeral monuments of the hero cemetery of the First World War (beginning of the 20th century) and The Cave of Take Ionescu (1922) located in the old premises of the Sinaia Monastery.

The Sphinx - The Mystery of Bucegi

The Sphinx in the Bucegi Mountains is located at 2216 m altitude. The origin of the Sphinx name is due to its resemblance to a human head, more precisely to the Egyptian Sphinx, its formation being due to wind erosion (wind).

Formed from a large block of stone that has taken shape today in a very long time, the Bucegi Sphinx, located on Bucegi Plateau, measures 8 meters in height and 12 meters in width.

A lot of legends have been born around the Sphinx from Bucegi. Some say it is natural, others that it is human creation. There are few testimonies that this rock on the top of the mountain emanates positive energies that have defended the land of invaders, and the most modern theories claim that these stones are of alien origin.

It is said that this place was an energy center used by the aliens, many legends circulating in this sense. In the immediate vicinity of the Sphinx (according to Wikipedia) there is a cave that would gather extraordinary energetic mysteries. These energy mysteries are the attraction of many people passionate about this subject. Other rumors say there is also a mine of uranium, abandoned, which is no longer in operation since the Second World War.

sfinx bucegi 02

The stories date back to the Dacian era, and the legend says that Decebal (the King of Dacia) here would have killed his son in a ritual sacrifice to send him as a messenger to the gods.

Many assumptions have been made that the Atlas of Greek mythology is the top of the Bucegi or Prometheus man chained by a rock on the same peak, or that the Sphinx of Bucegi was modeled by the Dacians .

Whatever the theory of its appearance, the Sphinx in Bucegi remains one of the places in Romania that deserves to be seen and admired.

Top 6 Castles from England

The first castles appeared in England during the 11th century. A few castles are known to have been built in England before the Normans invaded in 1066; a great many were built in the years following, the principal mechanism by means of which the Normans were able to consolidate their control over the country.

No list of castles in England is ever likely to be complete, because there will never be complete agreement in every case as to whether the remains of a building are those of a castle, whether a given place is the site of a castle, or whether a surviving building should be considered to be a castle.

I am trying next to show top 6 castles from my opinion, some of them very well known some of them less known.

1. Warwick Castle

 warwick castle

Warwick Castle is a medieval castle developed from a wooden fort, originally built by William the Conqueror in 1068. Warwick is the county town of Warwickshire, England, situated on a bend of the River Avon. The original wooden motte-and-bailey castle was rebuilt in stone in the 12th century. During the Hundred Years War, the facade opposite the town was refortified, resulting in one of the most recognisable examples of 14th-century military architecture. It was used as a stronghold until the early 17th century, when it was granted to Sir Fulke Greville by James I in 1604. Greville converted it to a country house and it was owned by the Greville family, who became Earls of Warwick in 1759, until 1978 when it was bought by the Tussauds Group.

Adress: Warwick CV34 4QU, United Kingdom

2. Leeds Castle

leeds castle

Leeds Castle is a castle in Kent, England, 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Maidstone. It is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds.

A castle has existed on the site since 1119, the first being a simple stone stronghold constructed by Robert de Crevecoeur which served as a military post in the time of Norman intrusions into England. In the 13th century it came into the hands of King Edward I, for whom it became a favourite residence; in the 16th century, Henry VIII used it as a dwelling for his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

Adress: Maidstone ME17 1PL, United Kingdom

3. Bodiam Castle

bodiam castle

Bodiam Castle is a 14th-century moated castle near Robertsbridge in East Sussex, England. It was built in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a former knight of Edward III, with the permission of Richard II, ostensibly to defend the area against French invasion during the Hundred Years' War.

Possession of Bodiam Castle passed through several generations of Dalyngrigges, until their line became extinct, when the castle passed by marriage to the Lewknor family. During the Wars of the Roses, Sir Thomas Lewknor supported the House of Lancaster, and when Richard III of the House of York became king in 1483, a force was despatched to besiege Bodiam Castle. It is unrecorded whether the siege went ahead, but it is thought that Bodiam was surrendered without much resistance. The castle was confiscated, but returned to the Lewknors when Henry VII of the House of Lancaster became king in 1485. Descendants of the Lewknors owned the castle until at least the 16th century.

Adress: Bodiam, Robertsbridge TN32 5UA, United Kingdom

4. Dover Castle

dover castle

Dover Castle is a medieval castle in Dover, Kent, England. It was founded in the 11th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance throughout history. It is the largest castle in England.

This site may have been fortified with earthworks in the Iron Age or earlier, before the Romans invaded in AD43.

It was during the reign of Henry II that the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time.

In 1216, during the First Barons' War, a group of rebel barons invited the future Louis VIII of France to come and take the English crown. He had some success breaching the walls, but was ultimately unable to take the castle.

Adress: Castle Hill Rd, Dover CT16 1HU, United Kingdom

5. Alnwick Castle

alnwick castle

Alnwick Castle is a castle and country house in Alnwick in the English county of Northumberland. It is the seat of His Grace The 12th Duke of Northumberland, built following the Norman conquest and renovated and remodelled a number of times.

The castle had been founded in the late 11th century by Ivo de Vesci, a Norman nobleman from Vassy, Calvados in Normandy. Descendent of Ivo de Vesci, John de Vesci succeeded to his father's titles and estates upon his father's death in Gascony in 1253.

During the Wars of the Roses, castles were infrequently engaged in battle and conflict was generally based around combat in the field. Alnwick was one of three castles held by Lancastrian forces in 1461 and 1462.

Adress: Alnwick NE66 1NQ, United Kingdom

6. Durham Castle

durham castle

Durham Castle is a Norman castle in the city of Durham, England, which has been wholly occupied since 1840 by University College, Durham. It is open to the general public to visit, but only through guided tours, since it is in use as a working building and is home to over 100 students. The castle stands on top of a hill above the River Wear on Durham's peninsula, opposite Durham Cathedral.

Construction of the Castle began in 1072 under the orders of William the Conqueror, six years after the Norman Conquest of England.

The holder of the office of the Bishop of Durham was appointed by the King to exercise royal authority on his behalf, with the castle being his seat.

In 1837, the castle was donated to the newly formed University of Durham by Bishop Edward Maltby as accommodation for students. It was named University College.

Adress: Durham DH1 3RW, United Kingdom

A history of over 600 years

The first documentary attestation of the Bran Castle is represented by an act issued on 19 November 1377 to King of Hungary, Ludovic I of Anjou. By this document, the Brasovians were given the privilege to build a stone fortress at Bran.

Between 1419-1424, the fortress becomes the property of another Hungarian king, Sigismund, this being the ally of the Romanian king, Mircea the Elder, against the Turks.

At the end of the fifteenth century, the fortification was subordinated to the authority of the Szeklers' committee, under the leadership of the Transylvanian voivode during the reign of Iancu of Hunedoara. Vlad Tepes's connection with Bran was also recorded during this period. More precisely, Iancu de Hunedoara charged him with the defeat of Transylvania, passing by the fortress, after the loss of the throne.

The history of Bran Castle continues and on December 1, 1920, the City Council of Brasov donates this castle to the Queen Mary of Great Romania as a symbol of gratitude due to its contribution to the achievement of the Great Union in 1918.

Although in 1938 Queen Maria's daughter, Princes Ileana, received this Castle by testament, in 1948 the royal family was banished from the country by the communist regime, and the Bran Castle became the property of the Romanian state.

Bran Castle is known to tourists around the world as Dracula's Castle. This is one of the reasons why he was included by journalists at CNN in a top 10 of medieval castles.

Count Dracula's myth is based on the fiction novel "Dracula," appeared in the UK in 1897, as the author of the Irish writer Bram Stoker.

The Prince of Wallachia, Vlad Tepes, was associated with Dracula, although historical data does not confirm his long presence at Bran Castle. However, the area is promoted through the images of a vampire who feeds on the blood of the enemies.

6 Palaces in Bucharest

Bucharest or "Little Paris" is sprinkled with palaces or aristocratic houses, patrimony buildings over which time was spent and, in many cases, forgetfulness.

1. Cotroceni Palace

Cotroceni Palace is a royal residence in Bucharest, serving today as the headquarters of the Romanian Presidency.

In 1679, Mr. Serban Cantacuzino raised a monastery on Cotroceni hill. In 1862 Alexandru Ioan Cuza decided to use the Cotroceni Monastery as the royal residence of the summer. At the beginning of the reign, Prince Carol I of Romania receives as summer residence the old royal houses of Cotroceni. Carol I decides to build a palace in the monastery, in the use of Crown heirs, to serve as his official residence in Bucharest.

In August 1916, at the Cotroceni Palace took place the Crown Council, chaired by King Ferdinand, where Romania entered the World War I on the ANTANTA side.

Palatul Cotroceni
Palatul Mogosoaia

2. Mogosoaia Palace

Mogosoaia Palace is a historic building in Mogosoaia, Ilfov County, Romania, about 15 km from downtown Bucharest. The complex contains its own building, its courtyard with the watchtower, cuhnia (kitchen), guest house, glacier and cave of the Bibescu family, as well as the church "Sfantul Gheorghe" located near the walls of the courtyard.

Mogosoaia Palace has been in the possession of the Brancoveanu family for about 119 years, then passed into the ownership of the Bibescu family.

3. The Cretulescu Palace

The Cretulescu Palace, also known as the Kretzulescu Palace, is a historic building located near Cismigiu Park in Bucharest, sector 1, located at the side of Stirbei Voda Street, at 39.

Elena Kretulescu (1857-1930), descendant of two great boyar families, Maria Filipescu's daughter and veneric Constantin Kretzulescu, born in 1857 in Paris, inherited the land and his father's houses built in 1718. At the beginning of the 20th century In 1902, she hired the architect Petre Antonescu (1873-1965) to make plans for building a larger building in the style of the French Renaissance with baroque influences.

Palatul Cretulescu
Palatul CEC

4. CEC Palace

The palace of the House of Deposits, Consignments and Economics (known as CEC Palace, after the name of the institution) is a building in Bucharest, located in Calea Victoriei, in front of the Poste Palace built in the same period.

The cornerstone of the CEC Palace was put on June 8, 1897, in the presence of King Carol I of Romania and Queen Elizabeth.

Until 1875, in that place was the monastery and the inn "Saint John the Great". Dating back to the 16th century, the restorations were restored by Constantin Brancoveanu in the years 1702 - 1703, after which, being degraded, they were demolished in 1875. The current building was built after the demolition of the first headquarters of the House of Deposits in turn instead of the monastery).

Designed by architect Paul Gottereau's plans, with specific elements in French architecture at the end of the 19th century, the CEC Palace was completed in 1900.

5. Royal Palace from Bucharest

The Royal Palace is a monumental building in Bucharest, located on Calea Victoriei, in the Palace Square (renamed the Revolution Square after the events of December 1989).

The building symbolizes the center of monarchical power in Romania and is the main royal residence in Bucharest. It was actually used to host the official activities of the Royal Family of Romania until August 24, 1944, when it was bombed and remained uninhabited until King Michael's departure in his exile.

After the forced abdication of King Michael (produced on December 30, 1947), the Palace hosts the National Art Museum of Romania.

Palatul regal Bucuresti
Palatul Parlamentului

6. Parliament House

The Parliament Palace in Bucharest, Romania known before the Revolution as the House of the Republic or the House of the People) measures 270 m 240 m, 86 m tall and 92 m underground realized in the spirit of realistic socialist architecture.

It has 9 surface levels and 9 other undergrounds. According to the World Records Academy, the Parliament Palace is the second largest administrative building for civilian use as the world's surface, and the most expensive administrative building in the world and the toughest building in the world. The Palace of Parliament building is located in the central part of Bucharest (sector 5), today called Arsenalul Dealul, located on Izvor Street in the west and northwest, the United Nations Boulevard to the north, Libertatii Boulevard to the east and 13th Calea to the south.

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15 July 2020